White discharge is
a universal problem
of all women.

It bothers them and leaves them with restiveness, soggy, itching, burning sensation and irritation around the opening of the vagina. Nobody escapes from this illness.


What does White Discharge mean?

• In a layman term, it is known as fluid/mucus that come out of the vagina apart from the monthly menstrual flow, whereas the medical term is leucorrhoea or fluor albus.

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Where does the fluid/white discharge come from?

• Around the vagina opening
• The vaginal membrane
• The Uterus membrane lining

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Does the fluid/mucus that come out of the vagina is normal?

• Certainly not, there is normal and abnormal fluid/mucus.

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What is normal Fluid/Mucus like?

• Fluid/Mucus discharge at the vulva gland (vagina lips) – influenced by the sexual stimulation. Therefore, the fluid tends to increase during sexual excitement or during the intercourse.
• Discharge of fluid or mucus at the vaginal and uterus membrane linings – Produced by hormone (estrogen). Therefore the discharge activities will be increasing before and after menstrual flow or before reaching the ovulation. At the menopause state, this whitish discharge will subside.
• In normal case, the fluid or mucus from these three sources is crystal clear, odorless and non-itchy. But in some cases, the fluid or mucus may be discharged excessively but still clear, odorless and non-itchy.


Who normally gets the normal whitish discharge?

• Woman that about to reach her ovulation peak, before and after her menstrual cycle.
• Woman that emotionally distressful or overjoyed.
• Pregnant Woman
• Woman that takes contraceptive pills
• Woman that is undergoing hormone therapy
• Woman that uses more physical energy in her works
• Infant in between 1-10 days (hormone from the placenta)
• Young girl, during her puberty


What is abnormal fluid/mucus like?

• An abnormal vaginal discharge will be an increase in the amount and thickness, white and clumpy (like cottage cheese), grayish, greenish, yellowish, or sometimes is brown and resembles congealed blood, or mucus and pus mixed in with discharge and produce frothy smell and often cause itching and burning sensation to the vagina.
• In a normal state, women reproductive canal contains the protective bacteria known as Doderlein Bacillus. It produces lactic acid that keeps vagina in acidic ambiance and unsuitable for breeding of foreign bacteria and fungus.
• Nevertheless, in some situations where hygienic wash is used, the natural or good bacteria will also be killed and this will cause the protective bacteria to lose its control against the harmful ones. Therefore, please be selective in term of choosing the hygienic wash. Prolong consumption of antibiotic will also annihilate the innate bacteria and expose the vagina to bad bacteria and fungus.


Types of Infection

Infections is divided into 3 forms:

1. Endogenous / 2. Transmitted through sexual intercourse (STD) / 3. Iatrogenic





Endogenous Infection

1. Endogenous Infection is an infection that caused by an infectious microorganism that is already present in the individual body and often comes from anus. Even after cleansing, it is hard to ensure that anus is clean and microorganism free. Sometimes during unintentional flatus, coughing or laughing some amount of fluid will be rushed out from the anus and contains bacteria, fungus and parasite.

2. When the amount of normal fluid/mucus increased, the genital area and panty will be dampened. This will cause the panty to be contaminated with microorganisms that come from the anus and then delivered to the vulva directly. The microorganism then will develop and breed, thereafter lead to the following phenomenon:
• Whitish discharge will turn yellowish and clumpy (like cottage cheese)
• Fish-like and sourly smell
• Itching sensation and pains at the genital area.
• Genital area becomes reddened and swollen.

3. Infection may caused by many sources of microorganisms particularly:
• Bacteria
• Fungus
• Virus

Infection through sexual intercourse (STD)


 This particular infection is known as Sexual Transmitted Diseases (STD) in medical term.

1. STD is an infection that is only transmitted through sexual intercourse.

2. Symptoms of infections may vary from local infection (at the vagina/reproductive canal only) to systemic infection (whole body) or combination of both.

3. The microorganisms are disseminated from sexual partner. Thus, prostitutes and free sex performers are prone to this sort of infection.

4. Infection may caused by several types of microorganisms particularly:
a. Bacteria – cause of gonorrhea disease, Chlamydia and cancroids.
b. Spirochete – cause of syphilis
c. Parasite – cause of trichomoniasis disease
d. Virus – cause of genital herpes, genital warts, HIV/AIDS

5. Symptoms normally occur in the following forms:

• Vaginal discharge turns yellowish or greenish
• Genital organ produces reeking and unpleasant smell
• Pain at the placenta area
• Vagina bleeds after sexual intercourse
• Vagina develops frothy or foamy fluid
• Development of genital warts
• Swollen or painful lymph nodes/glands, infringe and boil forming

• Red rashes all over the body
• Fever
• Night sweats (perspiration disorder)
• Weariness or fatigue
• Losing weight.

Iatrogenic Infection

An iatrogenic infection may be inadvertently caused by a physician or surgeon, or by a medical or surgical treatment, or a diagnostic procedure, or the clinical equipments. However, this type of infection is not likely to happen in clinics or hospitals as the antiseptics and disinfectants are extensively used.


Recommended measures to avoid occurrence of white discharge

• Avoid non-cotton underpants
• Avoid tight jeans
• Keep the genital area dry especially after using the toilet, always wipe from front to back. This may prevent from getting bacteria of your rectal area into your vagina.
• It is recommended to use feminine wash that can preserve the acidic ambiance of the vagina as the acid works as defense against the bacterial or fungal infections.

How does the disease diagnosed?

• Through symptoms and disease history
• Through physical test particularly internal examination, or it could be necessary to conduct Pap Smear test.
• Conduct laboratory test on the whitish discharge. Fluid sample will be taken from the genital organ and to be tested with two methods:
(a) Microscopic examination – To determine the source of infections such as bacterial, fungal etc.
(b) Culture and sensitivity test –Bacteria or yeast is kept for seedling process through the culture media to determine exactly which organism (e.g., type of bacteria, yeast) is causing the problem, and making it easy for the physician to identify the best medication to use to kill the organisms.



Recommended measures to avoid occurrence of white discharge

• Avoid non-cotton underpants
• Avoid tight jeans
• Keep the genital area dry especially after using the toilet, always wipe from front to back. This may prevent from getting bacteria of your rectal area into your vagina.
• It is recommended to use feminine wash that can preserve the acidic ambiance of the vagina as the acid works as defense against the bacterial or fungal infections.

White Discharge Treatment

In case of uncertainty, women should consult their physician to identify the source of the white discharge that they are suffering from. At times, white discharge could be triggered by tumor or cervical cancer. Physician will conduct examination to diagnose the disease or tumor. Not every problem that related to white discharge is caused by harmful disease. But still, it is better to take the preventive measures.



What are the complications should the infection is not treated?

• Infertile (caused by the damaged reproductive organ especially fallopian tube).
• Menstrual cycle disorder
• Pains etc.

Recommendation by our doctors and pharmacists

LADY SECRET is the leading feminine hygiene care serum in this 21st century that perfectly formulated by Stherb in accordance to the CTFA guidelines. It contains natural herbal and pH6.9 are indeed very safe for skin particularly to the women’s genital area.


By applyingLADY SECRET

serum onto the vagina opening, it helps to prevent the foreign bacteria and fungus from entering the vagina and gives ample time for vagina to produce the reproductive bacteria (Doderlein Bacillus) that works as lactic acid generator. The acidic ambiance is unsuitable for breeding of foreign bacteria or fungus and therefore, it naturally prevents vagina from getting any form of infections.

In other word, Lady Secret plays a role to safeguard the vagina opening from the bad bacteria. Thus, in this sense, our doctors and pharmacists are strongly recommending that Lady Secret by Stherb is still the right choice when it comes to feminine care hygiene products.


Application tips:

• Apply once daily but it is recommended to apply 2-3 times daily for better result. There is no over dosage reaction claimed.
• Apply 2-3cm deeper to help tighten the vaginal muscle.
• Do not apply during menses. Reapply after 3 days later.